The Mornin' Mail is published every weekday except major holidays
Friday, October 9, 2009 Volume XVIII, Number 79

did ya know?

Did Ya Know?... An American Red Cross blood drive will be hosted by the Nazarene Church of Carthage on Thurs. Oct 15 from 11:30 to 6 p.m. 2000 Grand

Did Ya Know?...Spare Cat Rescue of Carthage will hold a Feline Spay/Neuter event Oct 22 at Central Pet Care. Spay or neuter for $15. 358-6808 for appointment

today's laugh

On the first day of school, the Kindergarten teacher said, "If anyone has to go to the bathroom, hold up two fingers." A little voice from the back of the room asked, "How will that help?"

A three-year old went with his dad to see a litter of kittens. On returning home, he breathlessly informed his mother there were two boy kittens and two girl kittens. "how did you know?" his mother asked. "Daddy picked them up and looked underneath," he replied. "I think it’s printed on the bottom.

Another three-year old put his shoes on by himself. His mother noticed the left was on the right foot. She said, "Son, your shoes are on the wrong feet." He looked up at her with a raised brow and said, "Don’t kid me, Mom. I KNOW they’re my feet."

A father was helping one of his little twins say his evening prayers. "Bless us to be good so we can return unto Thee." "Bless us to be good so we can turn on the TV."

A Chronological Record of Events as they have Transpired in the City and County since our last Issue.


Rumored Prehistoric Discovery Being Made at Neck City.

M. C. Clemmons, the socialist drayman, was arguing hot and heavy on the question of the degeneracy of the race with an Alba man yesterday, when the visitor clinched an argument with: "Did you see those prehistoric bones they are taking out at Neck City? No? Well, they have got a mine or well, or something or other, down there a little ways and have found some enormous human bones. The femur bone found indicates that the man must have been at least eight feet tall. The excavation is still in progress, and until other bones are found, enough to complete the skeleton the matter is being kept quiet."

Elvero Hoag of the Frisco was in the city today transacting railroad busin

  Today's Feature

Halloween On the Square.

The Chamber of Commerce has announced that the traditional gathering on the Carthage Square for Halloween will take place on Wednesday, October 28. The scheduling was adjusted to coincide with the Carthage R-9 School system which will have Halloween parties on that day. The gathering on the Square will commence as soon as school lets out. The official hours are to be from 3 p.m. until 5 p.m.

Costume contests will be held for five different age groups with awards for the first, second, and third place winners. The contests will be held on the Courthouse lawn.

Historically, over 1,000 youngsters participate in the event each year, going door to door to businesses on the Square for treats. Typically a like number of parents negotiate the sidewalks along with younger participants. Many of the parents also break out in costume for the community gathering.

Almost the entire cost of the promotion is borne by the business community on the Square, mainly to supply the endless chain of outstretched hands eager to fill their coffers with sweets and their minds with memories of the Historic Carthage Square.

Judge’s Finding Highlights Risks of Abusive Interrogations at Gitmo

by Christopher Flavelle, ProPublica

A few weeks ago, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia released a declassified version of a judge’s ruling in the case of Al Rabiah, a Kuwaiti citizen who has been held at Guantanamo for seven years. The judge, Colleen Kollar-Kotelly, found that the government could not credibly support its allegation that Al Rabiah was part of the Taliban or al-Qaida, and that the evidence against him wasn’t sufficient to justify his continued detention. She ordered the government to release Al Rabiah "forthwith."

But the judge’s opinion is more than a legal document; it’s also a window into the interrogation process at Guantanamo and the risk that "enhanced interrogation techniques" will produce false information. Excerpts from the opinion are below.

Al Rabiah’s background.

Kollar-Kotelly describes Al Rabiah as a 50-year-old father of four, who graduated from the Air Service Training school at Perth College, Scotland, with a degree in aviation maintenance in 1981. He then went to Kuwait Airways, where he worked until his detention in 2001. At the time Al Rabiah was captured, he was an overweight man in his 40s, with "various medical ailments such as high blood pressure and chronic pain in his neck and lower back" and no military training, save for two weeks of compulsory training in the Kuwait Army until he was discharged for a knee injury.

Al Rabiah often used his vacations to perform humanitarian work in impoverished or war-torn countries, the judge writes, and it was to perform the same kind of work that he traveled to Afghanistan in October 2001—an explanation that Kollar-Kotelly writes is supported by the evidence. After he tried to leave the country via Iran, whose border guards denied him entry, Al Rabiah tried instead to cross the Pakistani border, but he was captured by villagers and turned over to the Americans, who later transferred him to Guantanamo.

The government’s evidence against Al Rabiah was "surprisingly bare."

The government’s case against Al Rabiah initially rested on two main pillars: allegations made against him by fellow detainees and his own confessions. But in the judge’s opinion, neither held any weight.

The judge’s ruling cites four detainees who made allegations against Al Rabiah. The names of his accusers are redacted, as are the specifics of their allegations, but Kollar-Kotelly explains her reasons for rejecting them. The first accuser made statements that were incorrect; the second made statements that changed over time, and which the judge called "demonstrably false"; the third seems to have made statements about someone who was not Al Rabiah; and the fourth made his allegations only after one week of sleep deprivation, exceeding the military’s own guideline prohibiting sleep deprivation for more than four days, "and he did not repeat this allegation either before or after."

Kollar-Kotelly notes that the government itself "withdrew most of its reliance" on the witnesses against Al Rabiah during the course of the trial. She writes that their allegations are unreliable, writing, "the Court finds that none of the alleged eyewitnesses have provided credible allegations against Al Rabiah." However, she calls it "very significant that Al Rabiah’s interrogators apparently believed these allegations at the time they were made, and therefore sought to have Al Rabiah confess to them." That brings her to those confessions.

Al Rabiah’s confessions were obtained only after his interrogators began using "aggressive interrogation tactics," at least one of which was apparently used without proper authorization.

Kollar-Kotelly found that Al Rabiah initially denied any involvement with al-Qaida, even after he was told that eyewitnesses had made allegations to the contrary. Al Rabiah’s confessions began only after his interrogators "began using more aggressive interrogation tactics."

At least one of those tactics "did not become authorized by the Secretary of Defense for use at Guantanamo until April 16, 2003." The techniques approved by then-Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld on that date included isolation, "dietary manipulation," "attacking or insulting the ego of a detainee" and "environmental manipulation," including "adjusting temperature or introducing an unpleasant smell."

Whatever tactic was initially used by Al Rabiah’s interrogators, they may have broken the Defense Department’s rules in applying it. The judge writes that at least one of the tactics used on Al Rabiah "could not be used on a detainee until ‘the SOUTHCOM Commander ma[de] a determination of ‘military necessity’ and notif[ied] the Secretary in advance’ of its use." According to the judge, "the Government was unable to produce any evidence that [REDACTED] obtained authorization to use the [REDACTED] technique," despite requests from the court to produce that evidence.

Kollar-Kotelly writes that Al Rabiah told the court that he made his confessions "to reduce the abuse meted out by his interrogators ‘to obtain confessions that suited what [they] thought they knew or what they wanted [him] to say.’" According to the judge, Al Rabiah "maintained his confessions over time because ‘the interrogators would continue to abuse [him] anytime [he] attempted to repudiate any of these false allegations.’" The judge found that Al Rabiah’s interrogators supported his belief that if he did not confess, "his life would become increasingly miserable."

Al Rabiah’s confessions frustrated his interrogators, leading them to use tactics that violated both the Army Field Manual and the Geneva Conventions.

Instead of making his situation easier, Al Rabiah’s confessions made it worse. The judge writes that once Al Rabiah’s interrogators decided his confessions were implausible, they "became increasingly frustrated … [A]s a result, Al Rabiah’s interrogators began using abusive techniques that violated the Army Field Manual and the 1949 Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War."

The first of those techniques, writes the judge, included "threats of rendition to places where Al Rabiah would either be tortured and/or would never be found"—a violation of the Army Field Manual’s prohibition on "threatening or implying physical or mental torture."

To reinforce those threats, Kollar-Kotelly writes, Al Rabiah’s interrogators put him in the "frequent flier program," which the judge describes elsewhere in her opinion as a technique that "prevented a detainee … from resting due to frequent cell movements." Kollar-Kotelly writes that this technique, like threats of torture, violated the Army Field Manual and the Geneva Conventions. Indeed, the judge highlights the fact that the Army Field Manual states that such techniques "can induce the source to say what he thinks the interrogator wants to hear."

Kollar-Kotelly writes that Al Rabiah’s lead interrogator "was disciplined for making similar threats during the same period" toward another detainee—one of the ones who was an alleged eyewitness against Al Rabiah, in fact.

Al Rabiah was made to believe that he needed to confess in order to go home.

Later in the opinion, Kollar-Kotelly writes that "the evidence in the record suggests that Al Rabiah repeated these confessions in the false belief that it would allow him to return to Kuwait." Al Rabiah didn’t come to that conclusion by accident alone. According to the judge, "there is substantial evidence in the record that Al Rabiah was led to believe that he needed to confess something in order to be eligible to be returned to Kuwait."

The judge’s rebuke.

Kollar-Kotelly writes that Al Rabiah’s interrogators repeatedly concluded that his confessions were not believable, and she chides the government for using those confessions as the basis for justifying his continued detention at Guantanamo.

"Far from providing the Court with credible and reliable evidence as the basis for Al Rabiah’s continuous detention," she writes, "the Government asks the Court to simply accept the same confessions that the Government’s own interrogators did not credit."

"If there exists a basis for Al Rabiah’s indefinite detention, it most certainly has not been presented to this Court. Al Rabiah’s petition for habeas corpus is GRANTED."

Just Jake Talkin'

I’ve followed the trash truck as it made its rounds a couple times this past week. Looks like most folks are makin’ the adjustment to the new automated system with little effort.

I saw a couple a times when the trash cart was planted right next to a telephone pole, or behind a parked car. The machine can’t negotiate these obstacles and requires the driver to get out and move the container. I’m sure these problems will work themselves out over time.

All in all, it seems to move along pretty quickly. I’ve got to admit I’m a little biased. The new system saves me ‘bout a hunderd steps trash day. With the elimination of the alley pick up, the new route requires the truck to come just past my back door. I’m still not likin’ that extra 50 cents.

This is some fact, but mostly,

Just Jake Talkin’.


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ART NOTES from Hyde House

by Sally Armstrong, Director of artCentral

Last week I began a series of articles on the beginnings of artCentral and some early history of our organization. In the first sketch, I told of the founders, who they were, and what their objectives were for an arts organization for the Carthage community. The year was 1985, and the original articles of incorporation were drawn up and signed by Bob Tommey, Dallie Miessner, Earnest Jett, and the other eight original board of directors. An early art project of this organization was the partnering with the Sorotimist club, of which Dallie was a part, for the execution and sale of a lithograph print of the mural, FORGED IN FIRE. This mural was done by Lowell Davis as commissioned by the club, a bicentennial gift to the city, dedicated October 10, 1976 in the Jasper County Courthouse. It was the first fund raising project for the new organization, and in 1986 the deposit for 2000 pieces was put up. Now, in this second of my series, let’s look at artCentral particularly, as it separated from C.A.S.T & Co. Plans were underway in 1988 for a building of their own, and in the early months of 1989, money was secured from the Steadley Trust and other donations to obtain an old grocery store on east Central in Carthage for $100,000.00, calling it Carthage Art Center. The first newsletter from the spring of 1989 was called the CARTHAGE ART QUARTERLY, or "Q", and was sent to members announcing Sandy Higgins as the first managing director. Articles about local artists Linda Simpson, Bob Tommey, Dixie Fasken, Lowell Davis, Jerry Ellis and Bill Snow, were included and the issue announced a first planned event, a Spring Art Show. Refurbishment plans for the building were submitted by architect Steph Morrill among others. A group called the ARTISIANS began meeting Fridays at 7:00 in a working session and area artists were invited to attend. It was up and running! Next week you will hear how artCentral got its name.

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